Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti is an annual festival observed on 14 April to commemorate the memory of B. R. Ambedkar, Indian polymath and civil rights activist. So, on this occasion we are going to Provide a Long Speech in English on Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti for 2021. We Hope you will like Ambedkar Jayanti Speech in English 2021.
Ambedkar Jayanti Speech in English 2021
Hi Everyone today is 14th of April, birth anniversary of our father of constitution Dr. B.R Ambedkar. On this occasion I am going to share with you some of the facts about Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar.
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, also known as Babasaheb Ambedkar is famous as the father of the Indian Constitution. He was a great activist and a social reformer who fought for the rights of Dalits and the upliftment of the socially backward class in the Indian society. He was one of the first Dalits to get a complete education in India.
Early life and Education:-
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was born on 14th April 1891 in Mhow, a small place in Western Madhya Pradesh. Bhimabai and Ramji Maloji Sakpal were parents of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. He belonged to the ‘untouchable’ Mahar caste. Since his grandfather and father were part of the British army, all Army personnel’s family were required to study and thus Ambedkar had the privilege to study which would otherwise had been denied to low caste people.
Fight against Untouchability:-
Despite the opportunity given to all students to study, Bhimrao faced a lot of discrimination in school. They had to sit on the floor to study, teachers would not touch their notebooks, they were not allowed to drink water from the public reservoir and it soon etched into his mind that they will remain the ‘untouch’. He was very fond of reading and read everything he could lay his hands on. Bhimrao was always mocked at by teachers but he went on to get higher education and graduated in Arts. He even won a scholarship for higher studies and was sent to America.
He completed his doctorate and went to London to study economics and politics. His scholarship was terminated and he had to return to Baroda. Here he worked as the Defence secretary for the state but was often ridiculed for being of the ‘Mahar’ caste. Thus he left his job and became a teacher at Sydenham College in Mumbai.
He also started a weekly journal, ‘Mooknayak’, with the help of the Maharaja of Kolhapur. The journal criticized the orthodox Hindu beliefs and was a voice against discrimination.
He earned enough money to complete his studies in London and then was appointed as barrister in the British bar. Determined to work for eradication of discrimination in India, he returned. He started the ‘Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha’ which provided education and socio-economic improvement to the backward classes.
He followed the footsteps of Gandhi to fight for water source and right to enter temples for the untouchables. He also published a book ‘Annihilation of caste’ in which he strongly criticized the discriminative Indian society.
He also published ‘Who were the shudras?’ where he explained the formation of untouchables.
Dr. Ambedkar formed a political party which was called as “Independent Labour Party”.
The Father of Indian Constitution:-
He earned the chair as free India’s first law minister and the chairman of the drafting committee of the Indian Constitution. He drafted the Indian constitution in such a way as to provide Indian citizens with freedom of religion, abolish untouchability, provide rights to women and bridge the gap between various Indian classes.
One of the biggest achievements of Dr. Ambedkar was Bharat Ratna. He won the Bharat Ratna award in 1990. He was a scientist, sociologist, freedom fighter, journalist, human rights activist, philosopher, and much more.
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar completed his post-graduate from Columbia University and London School of Economics. Ambedkar is an inspiration of young lawyers across the world.
Conversion to Buddhism and Death:-
Babasaheb converted himself to Buddhism after being inspired by their preaching. He even wrote a book ‘The Buddha and his Dharma’.
He died on December 6, 1956. His birthday is celebrated as a public holiday known as Ambedkar Jayanti.
Dr. Ambedkar was one of the greatest leaders in the history of India. We should pay him respect and tribute on what he has contributed to Indian law and constitution. He helped Dalits and made sure they get what they deserve! Because of him, many students are able to get quality education in India at a lesser fee.
There are people who are economically backward and cannot afford education in the high-level institute, but because of Babasaheb even they are able to get high-quality education for their children which will secure the future of India.